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This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper reports the legal restrictions on the number of ministers receiving a salary and the number of ministers sitting in the House of Commons. It includes statistics on the number of ministers in each Chamber following each general election since 1979. Lastly, it sets out calls from the Public Administration Select Committee and others for the number of ministers and the payroll vote to be reduced.
This is one of two briefing papers on rail passenger franchising. This paper sets out the terms of the various rail franchises in England, Wales and Scotland. A second paper, SN6521, sets out in more detail how franchising works and the franchising policy of successive governments.
This paper summarises Phase 1 of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Act which gives statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme. Construction is planned to begin soon.
This paper summarises Phase 2a of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the Bill which will give statutory and planning authority for the construction of the scheme.
This Commons Library briefing paper considers recent trends in leasehold ownership and on-going problems associated with the sector. Areas identified for possible reform are summarised, including Government proposals which are currently subject to consultation.
This Lords Library briefing has been prepared in advance of a debate scheduled to take place in the House of Lords on 7 September 2017 about the importance of digital understanding at all levels of society. It provides an overview of what is meant by ‘digital skills’ and surveys recent literature on access to, and use of, the internet across society. It then considers digital skills in relation to the economy and sets out key proposals contained in the Government’s UK Digital Strategy 2017. It concludes with an exploration of the term ‘digital understanding’ and highlights recent Ofcom findings on adults’ media use and attitudes.
This paper summarises Phase 2b of the proposed new high speed rail line between London and the North of England (HS2). It gives a brief overview of the scheme, its costs, compensation arrangements and the preferred route. It also looks at Northern Powerhouse Rail (HS3) and high speed rail to and within Scotland.