House of Commons Composition Model


Published 21/12/2017

Following the 2017 General Election, under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act 2011 the next general election would be in 2022. Final recommendations for new boundaries for a reduced number of constituencies are due to be made in September 2018. A statutory instrument will then be debated in Parliament to approve or reject the changes. An election held before this would be on the basis of the current constituencies.

UK Defence Expenditure


Published 21/12/2017

This paper summarises UK defence expenditure (historic, current, and planned), international comparisons of defence expenditure of NATO Allies, and the financial cost of UK military operations.

Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages


Published 21/12/2017

This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Laser Misuse (Vehicles) Bill [HL] on 9 January 2018.

Rehabilitation in Prisons


Published 21/12/2017

This House of Lords Library briefing discusses the measures that prisons in England and Wales implement with the aim of reducing reoffending, together with the Government’s policies on the use of those measures.

Artificial Intelligence and Automation in the UK


Published 21/12/2017

This briefing looks at the issue of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Automation, covering recent announcements such as 'sector deal' in the Industrial Strategy and research on the potential impacts of the technology.



Published 21/12/2017

A Commons Library briefing paper on EURATOM, the European Atomic Energy Community.

Banking Services: reform and issues


Published 21/12/2017

A review of the new laws passed, reports about and issues surrounding, banks over the recent years.

Public Finances: Key Economic Indicators


Published 21/12/2017

Latest data on government net borrowing and net debt.

The Intelligence and Security Committee


Published 21/12/2017

This paper describes the functions and powers of the Intelligence and Security Committee, which is responsible for scrutinising the UK's intelligence and security agencies. It outlines reforms to the Committee under the Justice and Security Act 2013, and summarises recent inquiries.

Council tax: local referendums


Published 20/12/2017

This briefing note explains the system of referendums on council tax increases in local authorities. It sets out the legislative framework and the thresholds that have been set in previous years.