The Ageing Process and Health


Published 09/02/2018

This POST note examines the biological basis of ageing, the potential to manipulate the ageing process and to use such knowledge to promote better health later in life.

Overseas Electricity Interconnection


Published 09/02/2018

Electricity markets in the UK, Ireland and continental Europe are physically linked by ‘interconnector’ cables. These benefit energy system operators and consumers by reducing prices. They can also help integrate renewable electricity and ensure security of supply. This note discusses these benefits, proposals for future increases in interconnection and the potential effects of Brexit.

Parental Alcohol Misuse and Children


Published 09/02/2018

Parental Alcohol Misuse (PAM) can negatively affect children’s physical and mental health, and other outcomes including educational attainment and behaviour. Effects can be acute when experienced in conjunction with other adverse experiences such as domestic abuse, marital conflict, and deprivation. PAM is a common feature in child protection and care proceedings, and places a considerable burden on social services.

Changes to the Personal Independence Payment eligibility criteria


Published 09/02/2018

On 19 January 2018 the Government announced that it accepted a High Court ruling that controversial changes made in March 2017 to the criteria for the PIP mobility component for people experiencing psychological distress were unlawful. This briefing gives background information to the changes that have now been overturned. It will be updated in due course to take account of subsequent developments. In the meantime, this page gives information on what the latest announcement means for PIP claimants.

Autumn Budget & Finance (No.2) Bill 2017


Published 08/02/2018

The Chancellor, Philip Hammond, presented the Government's first Autumn Budget on 22 November 2017. The Government published the Finance Bill, to implement the tax measures contained in the Budget, on Friday 1 December, and the Bill received a Second Reading on Monday 11 December.

Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages


Published 08/02/2018

This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill in the House of Lords on 20 February 2018.

Science Diplomacy


Published 08/02/2018

A POSTnote which explains what science diplomacy involves, outlining the mechanisms and settings that encourage organisations and individuals to build international relations through science-related activities.

Criminal Records Bill [HL]: Briefing for Lords Stages


Published 08/02/2018

This House of Lords Library Briefing has been prepared in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Criminal Records Bill [HL] on 23 February 2018.

Fuel Poverty Statistics in England - Lookup tool


Published 08/02/2018

An Excel tool allowing Fuel Poverty Statistics for Constituencies, Local Authorities and Regions in England to be automatically retrieved, and presented.

Stamp duty land tax on residential property


Published 08/02/2018

This Commons Library paper discusses the reforms to taxation of sales of residential property that have been made in recent years, before looking at earlier debates about the way house sales have been taxed.