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Apprenticeship statistics for England

SN06113

Published 15/12/2017

This note presents and analyses data on the number of people starting apprenticeships in England and statistics for Parliamentary Constituencies in England from 1996 to 2016.

Financial Indicators: Key Economic Indicators

SN05207

Published 15/12/2017

Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices.

Retail sales: Key Economic Indicators

SN02818

Published 15/12/2017

Retail sales: key indicators on the value of retail sales.

Personal service companies : recent debate

SN05976

Published 15/12/2017

The 'IR35' rules to prevent the exploitation of personal service companies for tax avoidance were introduced in April 2000, following a long and contentious consultation exercise. This legislation remains unpopular among freelancers who use this corporate form to provide services. This note looks at recent debate on how these rules might be reformed and wider concerns about the use of employment intermediaries to avoid tax.

Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators

SN02802

Published 15/12/2017

Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England’s and international, quantitative easing policy.

The Public Sector Equality Duty and Equality Impact Assessments

SN06591

Published 15/12/2017

This note provides an overview of the public sector equality duty, contained in section 149 of the Equality Act 2010, and Equality Impact Assessments.

Financial Inclusion (Exclusion)

SN03197

Published 15/12/2017

Successive governments have promoted the policy of financial inclusion for a number of reasons. This note outlines some of these methods.

MPs' changes of party allegiance in the House of Commons since 1979

SN02537

Published 15/12/2017

This list notes when a Member has changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP. Instances of Members losing or resigning a party whip are also noted.

Household debt: statistics and impact on economy

CBP-7584

Published 15/12/2017

Latest statistics and forecasts for household debt in the UK and international comparisons. There is also a guide explaining how to understand and interpret household debt statistics and a summary of research looking at its effects on the economy.

The UK's contribution to the EU budget

CBP-7886

Published 15/12/2017

This note considers how much the UK contributes to the EU budget and how much it receives back. Potential payments to the EU on or after Brexit - such as the exit bill - are also discussed.